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Introduction to Geography

At East Dene Primary we are geographers!

Children investigate a range of places (both in Britain and abroad) to help develop their knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s physical and human processes. At East Dene, we are committed to providing children with opportunities to investigate and make enquiries about their local area of Rotherham and South Yorkshire so that they can develop a real sense of who they are, their heritage and what makes our local area unique and special. We also develop the children’s ability to apply geographical skills to enable them to confidently communicate their findings and geographical understanding to a range of audiences.



How Geography is Taught


Our Geography curriculum is designed to develop children’s curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.


Through high quality teaching, we aim to develop the following essential characteristics of geographers:

  • An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like, both in Britain and the wider world;
  • A comprehensive understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected;
  • An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary;
  • Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills, as well as effective presentation techniques;
  • The ability to think, question and discover answers to their own questions through exploring and researching;
  • The ability to reach clear conclusions and explain their findings;
  • Excellent fieldwork skills as well as other geographical aptitudes and techniques;
  • The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current issues in society and the environment;
  • A genuine interest in the subject and a real sense of curiosity about the world and the people who live here.

Our Fantastic Places

What is a Fantastic Place?

A fantastic place stimulates an interest in and creates a sense of wonder. Our chosen topics help us to develop our ‘geographical imaginations’ of places at a variety of scales and help us to understand the physical and human characteristics of them. It deepens our curiosity and fascination with the world and its people: giving us the opportunity to think, question and discover answers to our own questions.

This enables us to become Geographers!


Foundation Stage

Clifton Park

Clifton Park is a park in the heart of Rotherham. It has a park, gardens, fun park and a water splash. It has its own museum too!

Foundation Stage are focusing on Clifton Park because it is a local park and this gives the children first- hand experience. It helps them to gain wider experience of the world around them and learn all about their physical world and community.

Year 1 and 2 Cycle 1


The Arctic is located at the northernmost region of the Earth, centred on the North Pole. It has a polar climate. There is permanent snow and ice. Arctic animals include polar bears, arctic fox, walrus, seals and many more!

Y1/2 are studying the Arctic because it is a contrasting place and they can use this to compare the human and physical features to the other topics they are studying.

Year 1 and 2 Cycle 2

Amazon Rainforest

India is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country and the seventh-largest country by land area.

Y1/2 are studying India to compare and contrast the rich and poor areas. They will be learning all about the cultures in India. This contrasts with other countries they have learnt about already and gives them an understanding of different areas around the world.

Year 3 and 4 Cycle 1


Pompeii was once a thriving and sophisticated Roman city. Pompeii was buried under meters of ash and pumice after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. It is located in southern Italy’s Campania region.

Y3/4 are learning all about Pompeii because this links to our topic ‘Italy, Coasts and Volcanoes’. They will be using their investigative skills to become geographers!

Year 3 and 4 Cycle 2

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is made up of the countries England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. England is where we live and London is the capital city.

Year 3/ 4 are studying the United Kingdom as it links to the topics they are studying throughout the year. They will learn all about the human and physical features of UK and the different fantastic places and compare these.

Year 5 and 6 Cycle 1


Antarctica is the southernmost continent and site of the South Pole. It is a virtually uninhabited, ice-covered landmass. The peninsula’s isolated terrain also shelters rich wildlife, including many penguins.

Y5/6 are studying Antarctica because this builds on their previous knowledge and develops curiosity and fascination of the world. It links perfectly with their topic this year ‘Does Earth really matter?’

Year 5 and 6 Cycle 2


China is the country with the largest population in the world. It is the 3rd largest country by area. It belongs to the continent of Asia. It is famous for The Forbidden City, dragon boat races, The Great Wall of China, its technological advances and much more. One-third of China’s land area is made up of mountains. The tallest mountain on Earth, Mount Everest, sits on the border.

Year 5/6 are researching China because of the contrast between China and Europe. They will be identifying human and physical characteristics as well as key topographical features. Identifying the position and significance of latitude, longitude and researching time zones.


As well as the curiosity and fascination that is created through our fantastic places, we also offer a wide range of additional enrichment opportunities which give our children a sense of wonder about the world. Children gain real-life experiences through trips throughout the year. For example, Year 6 children have the opportunity to take part in a residential to an outdoor education and activity centre (Kingswood and Crowden): here they develop skills in orienteering, map work, as well as developing their locational knowledge. Children have the opportunity to visit the local park and woodland where they develop their place and locational knowledge whilst learning about the human and physical geography of the local area. We also make cross-curricular links with PE where children learn orienteering skills. Within school, children take part in our annual geography week. During this week the children are challenged to organise a trip to another geographical region where they use their geographical skills to learn about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments. In addition to geography week, we have a Fantastic Places ‘wow’ day to create a sense of excitement and engagement. All of these opportunities aim to give the children memorable, effective learning experiences that will stay with them for the rest of their lives.

Geography is all around us!

Ask children questions and let them ask questions about what is around them.

When you are out around town and the area you live question

  • How are places changing?
  • Why are places changing?

When travelling to different places question

  • Where are you going?
  • What does the sign post say?
  • Can you locate the area on a map?

If you are on holiday question

  • How is this area different to home?
  • How is this area similar to home?

Free places to see and visit in Rotherham

  • Clifton Park and Museum
  • Thrybergh County Park
  • Chapel of our Lady on the Bridge
  • Rotherham Minister Church
  • Ulley Reservoir Country Park
  • Kepples Column

Geography Curriculum World Map: Cycle 1

Geography road map cycle